Store your resources in your very own folder.

Sign in or sign up today!

Find out more

Eco-island: Sludge River activity 1

Add to My Folder
This item has 5 stars of a maximum 5

Rated 5/5 from 1 rating (Write a review)

To investigate how water flows from mountains to the sea and represent this journey by creating a textured 3D map.

Key Stage 1

Curriculum links: Geography 2a, e. Art & design 2a, 4a, 5a, 5c.

What to do: Talk to the children about the flow of a river from a mountain all the way down to the sea. Tell them that you are going to make a large 3D map showing water trickling in small streams from melting snow on the top of a mountain. The streams will merge into a lake at the bottom of the mountain and then feed off the lake in the form of a river. Include a waterfall where the river falls over a cliff. Then the river can widen until it reaches a dam where it can flow out as a smaller, narrower river that meanders its way to the sea.

Construct your map on a large, thick and strong piece of cardboard. Firstly, sketch out the route the river will take and leave this area empty for now. Mark where the waterfall and the dam will be. Then start to cover your card with papier-mâché, building up the mountainous end (using scrunched up newspaper), having medium ground in the middle and low ground at the other end where the river meets the sea. Remember to include a cliff after the river leaves the mountains that will drop to lower ground.

When the papier-mâché is dry, paint the ground and the mountain green. Use cotton wool to give the mountain a snow-covered top. Now use blue tissue paper to fill the river in all its various forms. You can coat the tissue paper with a mixture of PVA glue and water to make it shiny. Make the waterfall from strips of clear plastic bags or bubble wrap. Make the dam from a piece of corrugated card cut to fit. When your map is finished, add toy houses, factories and farms to the ground around the river. Talk about what could happen if anything fell into the river in these places that shouldn’t be there. Can things make the river dirty?

Completed this activity? Use our show and tell facility to upload your work and help Sludge River to improve.

Key Stage 2

Curriculum links: Geography 2a, c-f, 3a, 3g, 4b. Art & design 2a-c, 4a-b.

What to do: Study some aerial photographs of the flow of a river. Make a large 3D map showing a river’s journey beginning with water trickling in small streams from melting snow on the top of a mountain. The streams will merge into a lake at the bottom of the mountain and then feed off the lake in the form of a river. Include a waterfall where the river falls over a cliff. Then the river can widen until it reaches a dam where it can flow out as a smaller, narrower river that meanders its way to the sea.

Construct your map on a large, thick and strong piece of cardboard. Firstly, sketch out the route the river will take and leave this area empty for now. Mark where the waterfall and the dam will be. Then start to cover your card with papier-mâché, building up the mountainous end (using scrunched up newspaper), having medium ground in the middle and low ground at the other end where the river meets the sea. Remember to include a cliff after the river leaves the mountains that will drop to lower ground.

When the papier-mâché is dry, paint the ground and the mountain green. Use cotton wool to give the mountain a snow-covered top. Now use blue tissue paper to fill the river in all its various forms. You can coat the tissue paper with a mixture of PVA glue and water to make it shiny. Make the waterfall from strips of clear plastic bags or bubble wrap. Make the dam from a piece of corrugated card cut to fit.

When your map is finished, add some factories, a town, a farm and a rubbish tip to the area around the river and discuss what may be happening in these places to affect the colour of the river and its banks. Could any pollution here stop the water from being clean?

Completed this activity? Use our show and tell facility to upload your work and help Sludge River to improve.

Return to zone page

Reviews

  1. Someone
    on 13 July 2012

    What?

    Look, can you people do a activity that does not involve reading and more photos. I hate reading!