Where does light come from?
30 October 2008Add to My Folder
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With strong links to the Key Stage 1 science curriculum, this poster offers a basic explanation of where light comes from and how we see plus instructions for making a rainbow.
While there are a few technical words in this text that the children will need support with, the poster can be read during shared reading with Year 1 and 2. Year 2 children could use it independently to find out information.
- Download the poster and use the IWB torch tool to reveal parts of it. Show headings, a diagram, bullet points, and a photograph. What sort of poster is it? What is it about?
- What can the children remember about non-fiction texts?
- Choose a section to read together. Remind the children to use phonics to sound out words.
- Were any of the words new to them? Discuss one word. Can anyone explain what it means? Start a glossary.
- Read the other sections through together, adding new words to the glossary as you find them.
- Ask the children how we can use the text to find the answer to a question – eg, What is the main place light comes from? Model using the headings to find the answer.
- Note down other questions that can’t be answered using the text. Help the children to answer them by using books or the internet.
Children should: be able to distinguish fiction/non-fiction texts and different purposes for reading them; recognise the features that shape non-fiction texts; recognise automatically an increasing number of familiar HF words.
Collect: non-fiction books about light and colour; prisms; shallow trays for water; mirrors; white paper/card.
Group and guided activities
- Read the instructions for ‘How to make your own rainbow’. Encourage the children to try this activity independently. Model writing an explanation of what you did and what you discovered.
- Ask the children to make a colour chart, using the IWB or a basic word processing package, for the Reception or Nursery children to use. Show each colour and write the word next to it, spelled clearly and accurately.
- Challenge the children to find and list materials that are transparent. They might need to use a torch to investigate this.
- Ask the children to look closely at their eyes using a mirror, then to draw and label the parts of their eye. Can they use non-fiction books to discover what the coloured part of their eye is called?
Using the activity sheet
Use the activity sheet to create a mind map of sources of light. Help the children to understand that light comes from different sources – natural, fire, electricity (mains and battery), reflective.
Key learning outcomes:
- To read more challenging texts which can be decoded using acquired phonic knowledge and skills, along with automatic recognition of HF words;
- To recognise the main elements that shape different texts;
- To listen with sustained concentration, building new stores of words in different contexts.
Would some of your children find these activities too difficult or too easy? You can download a chart below, showing how to differentiate all of these activities.
Read some of the children’s questions and model how to use other non-fiction books to find the answers.